Cognitive-Behavioural Theory (CBT)

Behaviour therapy is based on the theory that behaviour is learned and maintained (through observation, pairing of antecedents and behaviour and conditional reinforcement) and hence can be altered (through modelling and rehearsal, stimulus control and contingency management).

Cognitive therapy is based on the theory that distressing emotions and maladaptive behaviours are the result of faulty or irrational patterns of thinking. Dysfunctional beliefs, expectations, perceptions, attributions, interpretations and appraisals are identified and modified or replaced with rational, adaptive cognitions which alleviate the problematic feelings and behaviour.